Growing Instructions

Parsley

Ideal Temperature:
Soil needs to be kept between 60◦ and 80◦ during germination process. Once sprouted, should be kept below 80◦ for best grow.

Planting Instructions:
For best results, start indoor 6 weeks before first frost and transplant when weather goes above 40◦. Plant seeds ¼ inch deep in soil 12 inches apart. Soil needs to be kept somewhat cool. This crop thrives in cool weather and will stunt growth if it kept in weather above the 80s for long periods of time. Thin leaves as they begin to bunch.

Harvesting Instructions:
Harvesting this plant is very easy. Cut at stem when desired. Leaves wilt slowly, so this crop should last throughout the harvest season.


Basil

Ideal Temperature:
During germination, seeds need to be kept in soil that is 65◦ to 75◦. Sprouts will need to be kept between 70◦ to 85◦

Planting Instructions:
Plant 2-3 seeds per inch in rows. Seeds need to be planted ¼ inch deep in the soil. Place firm, tight layer of soil over seed. Overgrowing is not a problem if your desire is to keep plant optimal height. Keep soil moist but be sure to have proper drainage.

Harvesting Instructions:
Plants should be harvested once leaves become established and bountiful. It is best to clip leaves early in the morning to prevent wilt. Plant will continue to produce leaves throughout growing season.


Savory

Ideal Temperature:
Soil needs to be kept between 65◦ to 80◦ through germination and sprouting.

Planting Instructions:
Plant seeds ¼ inch deep in soil. Start indoors 4-6 weeks before last frost. Seeds will usually sprout in about 2 weeks. Soil needs to be kept lightly moist. For this reason, drop watering is advised.

Harvesting Instructions:
You can begin harvesting as soon as plant reaches 6 inches. Clip leaves as regularly as possible, as this promotes new growth. The best time to do so is in the morning after the dew has dried.


Dill

Ideal Temperature:
Soil needs to be kept between 60◦ to 70◦ during germination and no lower than 60◦ as the plant sprouts

Planting Instructions:
Plant seeds ¼ inches deep. Keep soil loose and moist.

Harvesting Instructions:
Pick leaves after dill has reached maturity. Since dill is a quick growing plant it can be harvested within 8 weeks of planting the seed.


Thyme

Ideal Temperature:
Throughout germination and sprouting process soil needs to stay at 70◦

Planting Instructions:
Because seeds are very tiny, sprinkle a few seeds in the growing area. The roots are very tiny, and will not overcrowd. Keep in constant sunlight throughout sprouting. After sprouting, keep soil lightly moist. Advisable to drip water.

Harvesting Instructions:
Cut thyme as flowers appear. Make sure to cut before the flowers open. Need to trim 1 inch from the soil. Should regrow in the same season. If you plan to regrow in the next year, do not cut this growth. This will allow the plant to hardy for winter.


Oregano

Ideal Temperature:
Ideal soil temperature is 60◦. Once sprouted, temperature cannot stay above 75◦ regularly.

Planting Instructions:
Plant seeds ¼ inches beneath soil . Oregano doesn’t require a ton of water, so drip watering is advised.

Harvesting Instructions:
Once the plant is between 4-10 inches high, begin to clip the leaves and stems. Plant should provide bountiful supply throughout the growing season.


Cilantro

Ideal Temperature:

Cilantro is a cool season crop that does best in temperatures between 50◦ to 85◦. 

Planting Instructions:

Plant seeds in moist soil ½ inch deep. This plant is quick to grow, but should be given at least 30 days to reach optimal size. Once this is done, harvest at least once a week to encourage growth. This plant should give you a regular harvest throughout the season.

Harvesting Instructions:

Harvest weekly, by clipping leaves. Once the season is over, extract the seeds out of the soil. These are coriander seeds, and can be used for a completely different flavor.


Lavender

Ideal Temperature:

Ideal soil temperature is 80◦. Once plant sprouts, temperatures must stay above 60◦.

Planting Instructions:

Plant seeds ½ inch under soil. During germination, lightly water. Drip watering in the mornings is advised. 

Harvesting Instructions:

When the flowers start to open, start cultivating half of them to harvest the flowers. Continue this process throughout season. To grow into shrub, cut flowers down to foliage as they start to overgrow. 


Peppermint

Ideal Temperature:

Ideal soil temperature is between 55◦ and 70◦. Once sprouted, this plant thrives in cool weather below 80◦.

Planting Instructions:

Seeds should be planted ¼ inch deep in soil. This is a very low maintenance plant, so it only needs to be watered every few days and given 8 hours of sun per day maximum.

Harvesting Instructions:

Leaves need to be clipped on a weekly basis to prevent overcrowding. This should be done early in the morning to prevent the leaves from wilting. This plant will provide regular growth throughout the cold months.


Fennel

Ideal Temperature:

Ideal soil is between 60◦ to 70◦. Once sprouted, keep temperature between 70◦ and 80◦.

Planting Instructions:

Plant seeds ¼ inch in soil . Because heat causes this plant to bolt quickly, it is advised to start this plant indoors and to keep shaded when outdoors for 18 hours per day.

Harvesting Instructions:

This plant is ready to harvest when the base thickens and begins to harden. Use sharp pruners to cut the bulb free just above the root. The bulb as well as the fronds are both edible with different and distinct flavors. If you leave the root in the ground, this will grow back for your next season.


Terragon

Ideal Temperature:

Soil needs to be kept between 60◦ to 70◦. Once sprouted, temperature cannot fall below 50◦.

Planting Instructions:

Overcrowding is not an issue, so you can plant 2-3 seeds per pot if started indoors. Keep soil lightly moist. Does not require a large amount of moisture. As flowers grow, be sure to clip them to encourage more leaf growth.

Harvesting Instructions:

Leaves can be clipped at any time after plant is 8 inches tall. Leaves will continue to grow until cold months, so you can harvest throughout your season.


Lemon Balm

Ideal Temperature:

Ideal soil temperature is between 55◦ and 70◦. Once sprouted, this plant thrives in cool weather below 80◦.

Planting Instructions:

Seeds should be planted ¼ inch deep in soil. This is a very low maintenance plant, so it only needs to be watered every few days and given 8 hours of sun per day maximum.

Harvesting Instructions:

Leaves need to be clipped on a weekly basis to prevent overcrowding. This should be done early in the morning to prevent the leaves from wilting. This plant will provide regular growth throughout the cold months. 


Spearmint

Ideal Temperature:

Ideal soil temperature is between 55◦ and 70◦. Once sprouted, this plant thrives in cool weather below 80◦.

Planting Instructions:

Seeds should be planted ¼ inch deep in soil. This is a very low maintenance plant, so it only needs to be watered every few days and given 8 hours of sun per day maximum.

Harvesting Instructions:

Leaves need to be clipped on a weekly basis to prevent overcrowding. This should be done early in the morning to prevent the leaves from wilting. This plant will provide regular growth throughout the cold months.


Chamomile

Ideal Temperature:

During germination, seeds can sprout in temperatures as low as 45◦. As seed begins to sprout, soil needs to be at 70◦ or above.

Planting Instructions:

Plant seeds ¼ inches below soil. Need to keep in constant light 16 hours per day through sprouting process. Keep very moist throughout process.

Harvesting Instructions:

Wait until flower petals start to arch before harvesting. Flavor will not be as strong if petals are flat. Separate the flowers from the leaves and stems. The flowers can be dried to make tea. The leaves can be used in butter to add an earthy test.


Kale

Ideal Temperature:

During germination, keep soil in 70◦ temperature. Once seed sprouts, reduce temperature to 55◦ to 65◦ tops.

Planting Instructions:

To create bunching, plant 3-4 seeds ½ inch deep in soil. For baby leaf production. Keep lightly watered with good drainage.

Harvesting Instructions: Plant should be ready to harvest in about 60 days. Clip individual leaves throughout season. Should continue to regrow until next frost. Flavor of leaves will change deeper into cool season.


Arugula

Ideal Temperature:

Soil can be as low as 40◦ for germination. Once sprouted, plant needs to stay between 50◦ and 65◦. 

Planting Instructions:

Plant seeds ¼ inch deep in soil. Will need to be in full sun during germination process for up to 16 hours per day. Seed should sprout relatively quickly. Keep soil extremely moist during this process to prevent bolting. Once sprouted, lightly water to keep soil moist, but don’t over water. 

Harvesting Instructions:

For bunching, cut right above the soil level. For baby leaves, cut leaves at stem. If leaves are allowed to flower, the crop will start to taste bitterer.


Spinach

Ideal Temperature:

Seeds need to be kept in a temperature between 45◦ to 75◦. After sprouting, you’ll want to keep temperature below 70◦. 

Planting Instructions:

Plant seeds ½ inch below soil. Quick to sprout, but leaves will start to wilt if they are not kept moist.

Harvesting Instructions:

Clip spinach leaves at 2 inches for baby spinach. For richer flavor, let grow to 6 inches before crop bolts. Will continue to grow throughout season. 


Butter Head Lettuce

Ideal Temperature:

Lettuce prefers cool weather and thrives in 60◦-70◦ is ideal. Because of this, you can plant a spring and fall harvest in most US territories. 

Planting Instructions:  Plant seeds 1/4 to 1/2 inch deep. Soil needs to be moist but well drained. Avoid over watering. Lettuce requires full sunlight. In warmer temperatures, you may need to provide partial shade to prevent leaves from burning.

Harvesting Instructions:

Lettuce is very easy to pick. On average most lettuce can be harvested 30-70 days after planting. When to pick is really up to preference. 

Cayenne Pepper

Ideal Temperature:

Peppers require soil temperatures of 75◦ to 85◦. Once seeds have sowed,

Ideal growing temperature:

is between 65◦ to 85◦. Planting Instructions  Plant seeds ½ inch deep in soil. Can be started inside and transplanted outside after last frost. Plants should be transplanted 18-24 inches apart. Plants need 6-8 hours of sunlight per day.

Harvesting Instructions:

Cayenne Peppers can be harvested when they are green if you want a milder flavor. As they ripen, and turn red, their optimal spiciness will be attained. Make sure to wear gloves to harvest, as the oils can be damaging to the sink. Cut at the vine. Do not pick.


Sugar Ann Snap Peas

Ideal Temperature:

For sowing, soil needs to be kept 45◦ to 70◦. Keep between 55◦ and 75◦ for sprouting.

Planting Instructions:

Plant seeds 1 inch deep in soil. Keep soil very moist until sprouting begins. As leafs start to grow, make sure to keep moist to prevent wilting. Need 16 hours of sun per day. 


Okra

Harvesting Instructions:

Pick pea pods once they begin to swell. You should be able to tell if pod is finished by touch. Make sure to pick immediately when peas are developed, otherwise the peas will become too hard and unusable. 

Ideal Temperature:

Soil temperature needs to be 75◦ to 85◦ to germinate properly. As seeds begin to sprout optimal temperature is 70◦.

Planting Instructions:

Plant seeds ½ deep. Lightly water, and avoid soil being too moist. Try to water early in the morning so the foliage has time to dry before nightfall

Harvesting Instructions:

Pick okra pods that are 2-3 inches in length. Should be able to continuously harvest new pods every other day. Make sure to cut pods from the stem just above the cap to encourage regrowth.


Yellow Onion

Ideal Temperature:

Onions are easy to grow, because they are largely frost resistant. If you are starting indoors, temperatures can range from 50◦ to 70◦. Ideally, germination will be quicker if you are closer to 70◦.

 

Planting Instructions:

Plant seeds 1 inch deep in soil. As leafs start to appear, and plants are about an inch high, thin them down to 3-4 inches apart. Roots are normally shallow, so the topsoil needs to stay moist. Once the tops of the onions start to peak through the dirt, you’ll want to pull back on watering, and only water at most once a week.

 

Harvesting Instructions:

Harvesting is mainly up to preference of the grower. When bulbs are ideal size, they may be harvested. During growing time, green onions on tops may be snipped as soon as they reach 6 inches. The longer you let these stems grow, the stronger the flavor. To speed up bulb growth, stop snipping the tops. These will start to die off, and the bulb will grow faster. You can now dig up your bulbs. 


Green Bell Peppers

Ideal Temperature:

Peppers require soil temperatures of 75◦ to 85◦. Once seeds have sowed, ideal growing temperature is between 65◦ to 85◦.

Planting Instructions:

Plant seeds ½ inch deep in soil. Can be started inside and transplanted outside after last frost. Plants need 6-8 hours of sunlight per day.

Harvesting Instructions:

Green Bell Peppers are ready to harvest when they grow to 4-6 inches and show a shiny skin. They will turn a darker green to black, and then to red if they are allowed to mature further. As the peppers turn red, their flavor will soften and turn sweeter. Cut at the vine. Do not pick.


Cherry Tomatoes

Ideal Temperature:

Soil needs to be kept between 65◦ and 85◦ for seeds to germinate. Must be kept above 50◦ once seeds begin to sprout.

Planting Instructions:

Start seeds indoors 6-8 weeks before last frost. Seeds need to be planted ½ inch deep. Keep soil moist during germination, but make sure not to over water. Watering every other day lightly to keep the soil from cracking is ideal. Provide accurate drainage for venting. Need 10 hours of adequate sunlight during the sprouting period. Transplant outdoors to speed up process. Pollination will speed up the growth of your tomato

Harvesting Instructions:

Make sure to pick tomatoes as soon as they reach full red color. Fully ripe tomatoes will come off the stem easily. It may be worth it to wait an extra day to pick, if you’re having trouble snipping. Pick tomatoes daily to encourage future growth. Do not eat the foliage, as these leaves are toxic.


Tokyo Long Bunching Onions

Ideal Temperature:

Tokyo Long Onions thrive in temperatures 60◦-85◦

Planting Instructions:

Start seeds indoors 8-10 weeks before your last frost. Plant outdoors once soil reaches 45◦.

Harvesting Instructions:

Clip tops of onions regularly before they start to droop. As long as you clip down to an inch above soil, plants will regrow throughout your season until the temperatures drop below 40◦.


Romaine Lettuce

Ideal Temperature:

Lettuce prefers cool weather and thrives in 60-70◦ is ideal. Because of this, you can plant a spring and fall harvest in most US territories. 

Planting Instructions: 

Plant seeds 1/4 to 1/2 inch deep. Soil needs to be moist but well drained. Avoid over watering. Lettuce requires full sunlight. In warmer temperatures, you may need to provide partial shade to prevent leaves from burning. 

Harvesting Instructions:

Lettuce is easy to pick. On average most lettuce can be harvested 30-70 days after planting. When to pick is really up to preference. 


Broccolini

Ideal Temperature:

Broccolini prefers cool weather. They grow best in 70◦ weather. Best times to plant are early spring and late summer. Seeds can germinate in soil temperatures as low as 40◦. 

Planting Instructions: 

Start seeds indoors 6-8 weeks before the last frost. Plant seeds ½ inch deep. Water well but make sure you have proper drainage  

Harvesting Instructions:

Avoid watering heads as they come in. If the heads get too wet, it encourages rot. Thin when plants reach 2 to 3 inches tall. If you start to see yellow heads, harvest immediately, as they are past maturity levels. 


Broccoli

Ideal Temperature:

prefers cool weather. They grow best in 70◦ weather. Best times to plant are early spring and late summer. Seeds can germinate in soil temperatures as low as 40◦. 

Planting Instructions: 

Start seeds indoors 6-8 weeks before the last frost. Plant seeds ½ inch deep. Water well but make sure you have proper drainage  

Harvesting Instructions:

Avoid watering heads as they come in. If the heads get too wet, it encourages rot. Thin when plants reach 2 to 3 inches tall. If you start to see yellow heads, harvest immediately, as they are past maturity levels.  


Cucumber

Ideal Temperature:

Cucumber Citadel seeds sow best with soil at 70◦ and higher. Anything under 50◦ and the seeds will not germinate. Using miniature greenhouses are advisable. 

Planting Instructions: 

Plant seeds ½ inch deep. As the plants grow, trim to 12 inches apart as to prevent overgrowing. 

Harvesting Instructions:

Trim fruit as they begin to turn dark green. Usually 50-70 days from initial sowing.


San Marzano Tomato

Ideal Temperature:

Soil needs to be kept at 75◦ for seeds to germinate. Must be kept above 50◦ once seeds begin to sprout.

Planting Instructions:

Start seeds indoors 6-8 weeks before last frost. Seeds need to be planted ¼ inch deep. Keep soil moist during germination. Provide accurate drainage for venting. Need 16 hours of accurate sunlight during the sprouting period. 

Harvesting Instructions:

Make sure to pick tomatoes as soon as they reach full red color. Can pick early in the process for green tomatoes. Do not eat the foliage, as these leaves are toxic. 


Zucchini

Ideal Temperature:

Zucchini are warm climate plants. Soil needs to be between 60◦ to 75◦ during germination process. After sprouting, the warmer the temperature the better. Growth is best in the 90◦ range. Plant growth will continue in temperatures up to 100◦. 

Planting Instructions:
Due to the shallow roots, seeds need to be 1 inch deep in soil. Soil must be packed very tightly on top of seed. Keep soil very moist during germination. 

Harvesting Instructions:

Pick fruit early and often. Once skin grows shiny coat, make sure to harvest. If fruit is allowed to mature past ripe level, it will stunt the plants growth. Should be able to continually harvest until temperature falls below 50◦.


Yellow Squash

Ideal Temperature:

Squash are warm climate plants. Soil needs to be between 60◦ to 75◦ during germination process. After sprouting, the warmer the temperature the better. Growth is best in the 90◦ range. Plant growth will continue in temperatures up to 100◦. 

Planting Instructions:

Due to the shallow roots, seeds need to be sowed 1 inch deep in soil. Soil must be packed very tightly on top of seed. Keep soil very moist during germination. 

Harvesting Instructions:

Pick fruit early and often. Once skin grows shiny coat, make sure to harvest. If fruit is allowed to mature past ripe level, it will stunt the plants growth. Should be able to continually harvest until temperature falls below 50◦.


Pepper Tolli's Sweet

Ideal Temperature:

Peppers require soil temperatures of 75◦ to 85◦. Once seeds have sowed, ideal growing temperature is between 65◦ to 85◦.

Planting Instructions:

Plant seeds ½ inch deep in soil. Can be started inside and transplanted outside after last frost. Plants should be transplanted 18-24 inches apart. Plants need 6-8 hours of sunlight per day.

Harvesting Instructions:

Harvest when fruits have reached full-size and full color. Make sure to cut at the stem to encourage future growth

Luffa

Ideal Temperature:

Soil needs to be kept at 75◦. Plants can also not be in temperatures lower than 70◦ for long periods of time.

Planting Instructions:

Plant seeds ½ inch below soil. Keep soil temperature above 70◦ and watered regularly.

Harvesting Instructions:

As plant grows, they will turn a green. They should be allowed to mature until that skin has turned a dark yellow to brown color. You will notice the fiber inside will start to separate at this time. Leave sponge on plant as long as possible to allow the fiber to harden. To release fiber, squash the fruit gently and pull away the skin. Wash the sap out of the sponge before use. Once this is done, wash sponge, and dry in the sun until completely dry. 


Jalapeño

Ideal Temperature:

Peppers require soil temperatures of 75◦ to 85◦. Once seeds have sowed, ideal growing temperature is between 65◦ to 85◦.

Planting Instructions:

Plant seeds ½ inch deep in soil. Can be started inside and transplanted outside after last frost. Plants should be transplanted 18-24 inches apart. Plants need 6-8 hours of sunlight per day.

Harvesting Instructions:

Jalapeno Peppers are ready to harvest when they grow to 4-6 inches and show a shiny skin. They will turn a darker green to black, and then to red if they are allowed to mature further. As the peppers turn red, their flavor will soften and turn sweeter. Cut at the vine. Do not pick.


Celery

Ideal Temperature:

Once seeds have sprouted, plants need to be kept in a relatively cool climate. Somewhere between 60◦ to 70◦ is ideal. Celery cannot tolerate high heat, and require partial shade throughout growing season.

Planting Instructions:

Due to long growing season, it is advisable to start seeds indoors 12 weeks before last frost. Seeds need to be kept in constant moisture.

Harvesting Instructions:

Celery harvesting is mainly due to preference. The stalks can be harvested at any point when they reach 8 inches.


Roma Tomatoes

Ideal Temperature:

Soil needs to be kept at 75◦ for seeds to germinate. Must be kept above 50◦ once seeds begin to sprout.

Planting Instructions:

Start seeds indoors 6-8 weeks before last frost. Seeds need to be planted ¼ inch deep. Keep soil moist during germination. Provide accurate drainage for venting. Need 16 hours of accurate sunlight during the sprouting period. 

Harvesting Instructions:

Make sure to pick tomatoes as soon as they reach full red color. Can pick early in the process for green tomatoes. Do not eat the foliage, as these leaves are toxic


Rosemary

Ideal Temperature:

Soil needs to be kept at 70◦ for seeds to germinate.

Planting Instructions:

Plant seeds ¼  inch deep in soil.

Harvesting Instructions:

Trim leaves or stem tips when needed. Rosemary can be used dry or fresh

 


Anaheim Peppers

Ideal Temperature:

Peppers require soil temperatures of 75◦ to 85◦.

Planting Instructions:

Plant seeds ½ inch deep in soil. Can be started inside and transplanted outside after last frost. Plants should be transplanted 18-24 inches apart. Plants need 6-8 hours of sunlight per day.

Harvesting Instructions:

Anaheim peppers can be harvested when they are green if you want a milder flavor. As they ripen, and turn red, their optimal spiciness will be attained. Make sure to wear gloves to harvest, as the oils can be damaging to the sink. Cut at the vine. Do not pick.


Serrano Peppers

Ideal Temperature:

Peppers require soil temperatures of 75◦ to 85◦.

Planting Instructions:

Plant seeds ½ inch deep in soil. Can be started inside and transplanted outside after last frost. Plants should be transplanted 18-24 inches apart. Plants need 6-8 hours of sunlight per day.

Harvesting Instructions:

Serrano peppers can be harvested when they are green if you want a milder flavor. As they ripen, and turn red, their optimal spiciness will be attained. Make sure to wear gloves to harvest, as the oils can be damaging to the sink. Cut at the vine. Do not pick.


Habanero Peppers

Ideal Temperature:

Peppers require soil temperatures of 75◦ to 85◦.

Planting Instructions:

Plant seeds ½ inch deep in soil. Can be started inside and transplanted outside after last frost. Plants should be transplanted 18-24 inches apart. Plants need 6-8 hours of sunlight per day.

Harvesting Instructions:

Habanero peppers can be harvested when they are green if you want a milder flavor. As they ripen, and turn red, their optimal spiciness will be attained. Make sure to wear gloves to harvest, as the oils can be damaging to the sink. Cut at the vine. Do not pick.


Tabasco Peppers

Ideal Temperature:

Peppers require soil temperatures of 75◦ to 85◦.

Planting Instructions:

Plant seeds ½ inch deep in soil. Can be started inside and transplanted outside after last frost. Plants should be transplanted 18-24 inches apart. Plants need 6-8 hours of sunlight per day.

Harvesting Instructions:

Tabasco peppers can be harvested when they are green if you want a milder flavor. As they ripen, and turn red, their optimal spiciness will be attained. Make sure to wear gloves to harvest, as the oils can be damaging to the sink. Cut at the vine. Do not pick.


Mustard Greens

Ideal Temperature:

Greens require soil temperatures of 40◦ to 60◦ degrees

Planting Instructions:

Plant seeds 1/4 to 1/2 inch deep in soil, plants need 1 inch of water weekly

Harvesting Instructions:

Harvest greens when they are up to 8 inches tall. You can either harvest the whole plant or pick the outer bottom leaves leaving the middle of the plant to continue producing more leaves.


Collard Greens

Ideal Temperature:

Greens require soil temperatures of 40◦ to 60◦ degrees

Planting Instructions:

Plant seeds 1/4 to 1/2 inch deep in soil, plants need 1 inch of water weekly

Harvesting Instructions:

Harvest greens when they are up to 8 inches tall. You can either harvest the whole plant or pick the outer bottom leaves leaving the middle of the plant to continue producing more leaves.